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Index

Learning

Lecture
Notes

A&P Links

Textbook:
Anatomy &
Physiology
Seeley,
Stephens
& Tate
(McGraw Hill)

Textbook:
Fundamentals
of Anatomy
and Physiology,
Martini
(Prentice Hall)

Histology


HISTOLOGY
Slides

More Histology!!!!

Anatomy
Laboratory Study
Things You Should Know


Fundamentals
Anatomical Terminology

Relative positions
Body sections
Regional terminology
Body Cavities & Membranes


The Microscope/Epithelial Tissues

Microscope
Review: Parts, Care and Handling Review: Cell structure
Epithelial Tissues
slide example
Simple squamous (human kidney)
Simple cuboidal (thyroid)
Simple columnar (small intestine)
psuedostratified (trachea)
Transitional ( urinary bladder)
Stratified squamous (skin)
Stratified cuboidal (mammary gland)

Connective Tissues


Loose (areolar) connective tissue (gallbladder)
Dense fibrous connective tissue (skin, thin pigmented)
Adipose connective tissue (skin, subcutaneous)
Reticula connective tissue (spleen)

Hyaline cartilage (trachea)
Elastic cartilage (pinna/ear)
Fibrocartilage (symphysis pubis)

Osseous tissue (compact bone)

Muscle tissue


Skeletal muscle
Cardiac (heart)
Smooth (artery, intestine)

Nervous tissue


neurons
neuroglia

Integument
Scalp (with hair)
Skin


The Skeleton Vertebral Column, Thorax,
Pelvic Girdle and Upper Extremities

General
(on any vertebrae identify):

body
spoons process
pedicle
lamina
vertebral arch
vertebral foramen
intervertebral foramena
transverse process
superior articulating processes/facets
inferior articulating processes/facets

Cervical Vertebrae

transverse foramena
Atlas: anterior and posterior arch
Axis: dens (odontoid process)
vertebra prominens

Thoracic Vertebrae

articulating facets (body, transverse processes
for rib attachment)

Lumbar Vertebrae

Sacrum

Ilium/coxal articulating surfaces

Coccyx

Thorax

sternum
manubrium
body
xiphoid process
ribs
true ribs
false ribs
floating ribs
head, neck, body of rib
facets
tubercles
intercostal space
Costal cartilage

Scapula

body
medial, lateral border
glenoid cavity (fossa)
spine
acromion process
subscapular notch
infraspinous fossa
supraspinous fossa
subscapular fossa


Upper Extremity :

Humerus
head
anatomical neck
greater, lesser tubercle
surgical neck
body
deltoid tuberosity
capitulum
coronoid fossa
olacrenon fossa
trochlea
medial, lateral condyles
radial fossa

Ulna
trochlear notch
olacrenon process
radial notch
styloid process
coronoid process

Radius
head
radial tuberosity
ulnar notch
styloid process

Hand:

Carpus
scaphoid
lunate
triquetrum
pisiform
trapezium
trapezoid
capitate
hamate

metacarpals

Phalanges
proximal, middle, distal phalange


Pelvic Girdle

Coxal bones
ilium iliac spine
iliac crest
greater sciatic notch
auricular surface
pubis obturator foramen
symphysis pubis
ischium Ischial spine
lesser sciatic notch
ischial tuberosity
acetabulum

Lower Extremity

Femur
head
neck
greater, lesser trochanter
lateral, medial condyle
lateral, medial epicondyle
patella surface

Patella

Tibia
medial, lateral condyles
tibial tuberosity
medial malleolus
fibular notch

Fibula
head
lateral malleolus

Foot :
Tarsus

Talus
Calcaneous
Navicular
cuboid
cuniform (medial, intermediate, lateral)

Metatarsals

Phalanges (proximal, middle, distal)


The Skeleton


Skull (Cranial Bones)

Frontal supraorbital margin
supraorbital notch
Parietal
Occipital foramen magnum
occipital condyles
hypoglossal fossa (canal)
external occipital protuberance
nuchal lines
Temporal zygomatic process
mandibular fossa
styloid process
mastoid process
jugular foramen
carotid foramen
external auditory meatus
Sphenoid body
greater wings
lesser wings
sella turcica
optic foramen
superior orbital fissure
inferior orbital fissure

Ethmoid
perpendicular plate
nasal conchae
cribiform plate

Skull (Facial Bones)

Mandible body
rami (us)
mandibukar condyle
Maxillae palatine processes
frontal processes
Zygomatic temporal process
Lacrimals
Palatines
Nasal bones
Vomer

Sutures
Saggital
Coronal (frontal)
Lambdoidal
Squamosal


Complete Skeletal System/ Begin Muscles


Head and Neck
(Human Model)
orbicularis oculi
orbicularis oris
masseter
sternocleidomatoid
trapezius

Trunk, Shoulder and Upper Extremity Muscles


Trunk/Shoulder
deltoid
pectoralis major
latissimus dorsi
serratus anterior
external, internal intercostals

Upper Extremity
biceps brachialis
triceps brachii
brachioradialis

Abdominopelvic and Lower Extremity Muscles


Abdominal/pelvic
external oblique
rectus abdominis

Lower Extremity
gluteus maximus
gluteus medius
biceps femoris
semitendinosus
quadriceps femoris
- rectus femoris
- vastus lateralis
- vastus medialis
- vastus intermedius
sartorius
tibialis anterior/posterior
gastrocenemius
soleus

Brain


(Human Brain Models/sheep brain dissection)
cerebrum
cerebellum
diencephalon (thalmus/hypothalmus)
brainstem (medulla, pons, midbrain)
mamillary body
corpora quadrigema
cerebral aqueduct (Sylvius)
central sulcus
longitudinal, lateral fissure
pre/postcentral gyrus
corpus callosum
olfactory bulb/tract
third, fourth ventricles
lobes: frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, insula
hypophysis
pineal body
optic chiasma


Cranial Nerves and Spinal Cord
(models)


Cranial Nerves
I-XII
(locate with name and number)

Spinal Cord
White columns (posterior, anterior, lateral)
gray horns (posterior, anterior, lateral)
central canal
dorsal root ganglion
dorsal, ventral root
posterior median sulcus
anterior median fissure
gray commissure
spinal nerve

The Eye/Ear
(Human models, cows eye dissection/

Histology: retina, cochlea)
Eye
six extrinsic muscles of the eye
pupil
lens
cornea
anterior, posterior chamber (anterior cavity)
vitreous (body) humor
lacrimal gland
optic nerve
sclera
retina, fovea centralis, blind spot
choroid
ciliary body/muscle
iris

Ear
pinna
external auditory canal
tympanic membrane
ossicles: malleus, incus, stapes
oval window, round window
semicircular canals
vesibule
cochlea
vestibulochochleal nerve